The Great Temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel is one of the most impressive monuments in Egypt. The great rock-cut temples were built by Ramesses II (c1279 – c1213 BC) in the Lower Nubia. They sit on the western banks of Lake Nasser, about 190 miles south of Aswan. You can fly there from Aswan or Cairo. The temples were moved in 1968 when the Aswan High Dam was constructed. The main temple at Abu Simbel features a stunning facade, dominated by four colossal seated statues of Ramesses. Each statue is over 20 metres in height. The smaller temple is dedicated to his wife, Nerfertari. It is fronted by six ten-metre high statues of them both and their children. The interior has the same triangular layout of other Egyptian temples. Each room gets smaller as you enter the complex.