The ‘rose-red’ city of Petra is one of the world’s most impressive archeological sites, and a visit to Jordan usually revolves around your visit here. Petra was the capital of the ancient Nabataeans, who controlled the east-west trade before the coming of the Romans. The city was lost until 1812, when Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt stumbled across this remarkable site. The city is approached through the Siq, a dramatic narrow gorge hemmed-in by cliffs up to 80 metres high. After a mile, you turn the corner and see the Treasury (Al Khazneh) emerging through a tiny gap in the Siq. Carved in the 1st Century BC, this impressive facade drew influences from ancient Alexandria. The rest of the site is equally as impressive, especially the Monstery (Ad-Deir) and Little Petra. On Monday, Wednesday and Thursday you can enjoy the candlelit ‘Petra by Night’. You can easily spend two or three days in Petra exploring the site, and there are also opportunities for longer day walks for the more intrepid traveller.