Memphis, Saqqara & Dahshur
Explore Memphis, Saqqara & Dahshur with your private guide. This usually takes half a day, but longer for those with a fervent interest in Egyptian history.
Memphis was the ancient capital of Egypt and is about 20kms from Cairo. Herodotus wrote that the city was founded around 3100BC by Menes and its fortunes waxed and waned against competing cities such as Alexandria and Thebes (Luxor).
Saqqara covers a 7km stretch of the Western Desert and was the necropolis for Memphis. There are 11 major pyramids here. Most were lost under sand until Auguste Mariette uncovered the Serapeum. You begin with a visit to the Imhotep Museum before heading to Zozer’s funerary complex. The Step Pyramid is the world’s oldest. These are older than those you see at Giza, and the steps signify the steps to reach heaven. Head south towards the Causeway of Unas before hopping in the car and driving to the Pyramid of Teti. Dip into the Tomb of Kagemni before concluding your tour at the tomb of Mastaba of Ti.
The Dahshur Pyramids are located about 10kms south of Saqqara. There were originally 11 pyramids here, but only two Old Kingdom pyramids remain intact. Pharaoh Sneferu (2613–2589 BC), father of Khufu built the Red Pyramid, as well as an earlier Bent Pyramid.